Sunday, September 8, 2019

Bought Wharf Reic (HK.1997)

Bought 2000 shares of this company last week, on news of the extradition bill being cancelled.  This action decreases the chance of bloodshed (Tiannamen 2.0) - there's a chance both sides can talk now.

Wharf REIC derives 2/3rds of its profits from Harbour City.  It's a massive shopping complex, with separate buildings for luxury, children, sportswear and dining.   They account for 10% of HK retail sales (excluding F&B).


Their numbers are excellent.  Gearing is below 20%.  Their property's lease is for 800 years.  Its a very simple business where the rental just flows through to the profits.  Its trading at a trailing PE of 7 to 8.  Thats at a payout ratio of 65% (its not a REIT).

This is a cyclical stock.  Leases are short: 1-2 years, which is good in a rising markets, but bad when things go south.  Management is projecting a "high single digit and even "double digit decrease" in retails sales in the second half, which may affect rents that are based on tenants' sales.  This stock can be taken as a proxy for Hong Kong tourism, and Mainland Chinese luxury goods spending.

Why is it so cheap?

  • The global slowdown, and slowdown in China specifically.
  • HK protests

I am buying this stock, hoping that, in one to two years time the protests are forgotten.  Tourism and shopping returns.  Maybe China will stimulate its economy more  stimulus (they have been surprisingly cautions so far), so that more people can travel and buy LVs.

The main risks to this story are:

  • The downturn continues and we get a recession, despite best efforts of the Chinese government.
  • Political risk.  Harbour city avoided a protest, but this may have made mainland Chinese angry.

This is not a buy-and-hold forever stock.  It only forms 2% of my portfolio, and thats as much as I'll buy.  Long term, HK is not a place to park my money.  Unless the government can improve the lives of its citizens (primarily by decreasing property prices), it will remain a powder keg.  And after 2047, the Chinese government does not have to honour any 800-year property lease.

I got this idea from Kyith at Investment Moats.

Saturday, September 7, 2019

My Macro View

I think of macro as a way to explain what can happen, not what will happen.  To see all the possibilities in the future, and make sure you will be OK either way.


The US economy is in a slowdown.  This may or may not turn into a recession.  Previous slowdowns in 2012 and 2015 and did not turn onto a recession and proved to be buying opportunities.

The cyclical downturn started before the trade war in both the US and China.  The trade war is not the cause, just the icing on the cake.  We can get a cyclical upturn without a resolution to the trade war.

Both the US and China will do everything possible to avoid a recession.  Trump to avoid losing the election.  And Xi to avoid a revolution.  Whether the Fed's cutting rates and China's stimulus (for the n-th time) is enough remains to be seen.

No resolution to the trade war.  The differences between China and the US are too big and cannot be negotiated.  This is a cold war.  Longer term, US companies will disengage from China, and there will be two parallel, seperate supply chains.

Long term:

  • I think China's economy will not implode, but will drift downwards as they restructure.  Whenever it looks like it is about to collapse, they will pause restructuring and stimulate.  Stop-start, stop-start.  A glide slope.
  • The Eurozone will a probably break up.  Countries so different should not have a common currency.
  • Theres a small chance of the USD shooting up due to their shortage.  Probably accompanied by emerging market crisis.
Things I think the market is not pricing in now:
  • Oil price recovery
  • For HK/China stocks, a cyclical upturn due to Chinese stimulus.
  • Bank stocks (both SG and US) are low, due to the expectations of low rates foreverrrr.....  If this changes, lets say 6-18 months out, like it did in 2016 after Trump's election, bank shares are worth a look.
  • A crash, due to the market being too high combined with political risk, maybe exacerbated by systematic traders.
In general, markets are high now, I would not buy into "the market" (the indexes).

I am looking at REITS and dividend stocks, but there's not much out there thats reasonably priced.

Stopped the Systematic Strategies

Last week I stopped following these strategies, both the momentum and The Acquirer's multiple.

Returns have been quite bad since starting in February:

  • 2% for the momentum strategy.  Its been a choppy market.
  • -28% for The Acquirers Multiple.  Value investing has done badly compared to momentum, since 2009 (1) (2).  I'm sure it will come back, I just don't know when.
On a daily basis, both strategies are high beta, and follow/magnify the movement of the Russel 3000 index.  If the index is up 1%, they're usually up 2-3%.  Same for down.  Holding 'value' - at least this kind of 'deep value' - meaning companies that are nearly dead - does not protect you.  On down days, they do worse than the market.

The reasons for stopping:

  • Its hard to stick with when it goes wrong for long periods.  When you manually analyse and select own value stocks one-by-one, if a stock goes down, you can try to see why.  Has something changed with the fundamentals, or the macro environment?  Or have perceptions changed?  Has the whole market dropped?  Did you make a mistake?  You can (at least) try to look at the stock with a level head and see if you should cut losses or hold.  With a portfolio of non-discretionary stocks, theres nothing to do except to have blind faith,
  • Manually analysing stocks takes more time and effort, but I can choose when to do it.  In most cases my long term investments won't be affected by missing a few weeks of work.  The exceptions are if results are unexpectedly bad, or for sudden crises (eg: HK protests) - though even these take weeks or months to play out.
  • It was a pain in the ass to stay up trading 9:30-10:30 Monday nights.  I found Interactive Brokers pretty hard to use, sometimes I sold the wrong amount and accidentally ended up short.  It was only one hour a week, but it was a chore, and I didn't like doing it at nights.
I think the main advantage of the non-discretionary strategies is that it keeps you in the market, so you avoid FOMO.  However they get whipsawed in a trendless market, and will not protect you agains a 1987 style crash.

In the end, I decided hold cash, while building up a dividend portfolio.  I think this suite my personality better, and I can measure progress by dividends collected, instead basing it on stock price fluctuations.

Right now I'm 2/3rds in cash.


Like a diet, the best investment strategy is one you can stick with.


Friday, July 19, 2019

Netlink Trust AGM

I attended the AGM today, there was some Q&A on 5G, the competitive landscape, and capex. 

Here are the points I took.  Things I am not sure, or did not hear well, have a question mark (?):

  • Revenue/profit review.  Monthly recurring revenue per-user for Residential is $13.80, and Business is $25 (?).  Installation and Diversions are the only non-recurring revenue streams.  Diversions is from having to divert underground cables due to construction work.
  • Netlink currently has an 88% share of the residential market.
  • Regulatory profit targets.  Their profit is regulated and reviewed every 5 years (next review in 3.5 years).  A 7% rate of return is targeted - the target profit number will also depend on other factors such as interest rates, debt and capex.  From the target profit/revenue, the regulator determines fees per user, as the number of uses is known.  In the long run, more capex means they will be allowed more profits.
  • They see a lot of potential in Smart Nation.  Have received requests from govt agencies to wire up cameras.  Most current cameras are on 4G platform, which affects picture quality.
  • Competition in Business Segment.  There were several questions on SP Telecom as a new competitor.  The answers: 1) SP Telecom only competes in the Business connection area.  2) SP Telecom is both their competitor and customer.  Netlink lays cables for them in some areas.  3) The business connection segment is already competitive, with the three telcos already competing with Netlink.  Netlink has around a 1/3rd market share, Singtel is slightly above that.  4) SP Telecom is a small player in this market  5) The telcos have fibre in some areas, but not others.  M1 does not have any fibre (?)
  • There were many questions on if the dividend was sustainable.  The answers: 1) Management took pains to state that dividends were only paid out of Cashflow from Operations, not from Capital.  2) In the 2018 results, the 221m dividends is for FY2018 (126m) as well as FY2019 (95m), that is why it is bigger than the FY2019 FCF (158m).  3) They have a 100% payout ratio, no plans to reduce it to 90%.
  • There were many questions on 5G.  They answered may times that 1) 5G requires micro base stations 2) These are expected to increase revenue for Netlink  3) Regarding specifically if the last-mile connection can be serviced by a single access point (servicing 5-6 homes with wireless), thus cannibalising Netlink's Residential revenue, they answered they do not forsee this, as they expect home data usage to keep increasing - so it would make no sense to serve the home with (lower/shared) bandwidth connections.
  • Capex.  1) Capex was 212m in FY2018, 71m in FY2019.  Expect FY2020 to be more than FY2019.   2) Generally, most of their capex is for expansion.  Sustaining capex is for their central offices' maintenance and equipment (eg: chillers, vehicles); this varies so they can't give a percentage.
  • One question on why Trustee fees are paid in cash, not units like other REITS.  Netlink trust owns the trustee.  The money paid is mostly directors fees.   The trustee does not generate a profit, unlike other REITS.
  • A throwaway comment that struck me is that Singtel actually has the technical capacity to service Residential, but they do not do so (or not allowed to do do?)
Non-investment things:
  • Most questions and answers were worthwhile, for a beginner to understand the business and competitive landscape.  There were only a few stupid questions ("What is the purpose of this meeting?")
  • Only tea and coffee after the meeting, no food.
I found it worthwhile to attend, may attend next year.

Tuesday, July 9, 2019

US Prime REIT

Kyith at investmentmoats has already covered this IPO's buildings and basic metrics.  No need to repeat it here.  They seem decent, except for the leverage.

But he thought they may need to raise money for expansion after listing.  I want to look further at their growth potential.

Growth Potential

Their leverage upon listing will be 37%, limiting their ability to borrow more money.

Is there scope to grow by increasing occupancy?  Not much.  In their 2020 projections that the 7.4% yield (@ 100% payout) are based on, they already assume a high occupancy rate:

Is there scope for rent increases?  Summarising the Property Market Report (Section F) of the prospectus:


Not much here either.  Note that this 3% increase is in gross rent, the percent increase in Net Property Income may be different.  In absolute terms, either all of most of the gross rent increase will be passed through to NPI.  In percentage terms, NPI may increase by more or less than 3%.

Are their buildings' markets expected to improve long term?  From the Property Market Report, we can derive an estimate for how vacancy rates will change in each building's submarket.  We only have the projected change for all of A/B/C class buildings, they did not give the projected change for A-class alone.


Some submarkets are projected to have higher vacancies (bad - red), some lower (good - blue).  The two largest buildings (by value) are red.  It's a little disappointing that the building with the longest lease is in the bluest market. On average, there is a slight increase in vacancy, more so if you weight by the buildings' values.  So generally OK, with a slight negative bias.

My take on these 5 year projections is that future supply is well known, but future demand is pure guesswork.

Conclusion

Its decent, but I can't see much scope for Prime REIT to grow beyond its average 2.1% rental escalations.

I'd like to compare it with Manulife US REIT next.

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Dividend stocks: My first big bet

I bought a lot of Netlink Trust and a little Manulife US REIT in the last few weeks.  Enough to give me around SGD 6K of dividends a year.


Now I've got 70,000 shares of Netlink Trust at an average of 85.4c, and 26,800 shares of Manulife at an average USD 0.861c.

Why did I pick these stocks?

  • Netlink Trust is a defensive counter, one of the few whose earnings would be unaffected by a recession. And still (barely) trading at a reasonable yield.  Long term, its residential revenue should follow the growth in Singapore household formation.  Its Non-Building Access Point's (NBAPs) should grow with internet-of-things/smart-city coming now, and 5G coming later.  I can't see any disrupting technology on the horizon, though I need to remind myself to keep a lookout.
  • Manulife US Reit is developing a good track record after listing on SGX.  It is trading at a decent 6% yield with freehold buildings, unlike local REITs trading at a sub 5% yield with leasehold properties.  The risks are a recession (affects all stocks/REITs), and tax law changes (affecting any US-property REIT listed overseas).

Why did I buy now?

           Scared of missing out.


           Netlink Trust shot up on the day I placed my largest order, and I missed it.  Strong enough that my broker said it would unlikely come down that day.  After thinking about it: I am buying the income stream.  I'll still be happy if I buy at a higher price, and it comes down later, as long as I collect my dividend.  I'll be unhappy if I miss it now, and it never comes down again.  Which is unlikely, but possible - look at Vicom.  There's very few stocks giving a 5+ % yield that would also be unaffected by a recession.  The market was still offering me the chance, so I bought it.  Never regret.

The market narrative now is all sunshine and rainbows, especially for dividend stocks.  The Fed is expected to cut rates.  Worst case - for someone like me shopping for dividend stocks - is that this narrative goes on for another year.  Until the either the economy starts expanding, goosed by low rates, or we do finally get a real recession.

I am now 60% invested.  I don't feel the need to buy anything else this year, but can do so if the market drops.  December showed how quickly the narrative can change.  I am waiting.



Monday, May 20, 2019

Frasers Logistics and Industrial Trust (FLT)

The Properties

FLIT has 60 industrial properties.  By value:
  • 2/3rds are in Australia.   2/3rds of those are in Sydney & Melbourne.  Minimal exposure to Perth (1 property, or about 7% of the Australian properties' value).
  • 1/3 are in Germany and the Netherlands
The Australian buildings seem to be mostly small, generic light industrial buildings, with a few large warehouses (5-6 buildings).
The European buildings are large Logistics or Industrial buildings.
None of the buildings seem highly specialised.

70% of the properties by value are freehold, and another 21% have a lease of over 80 years.

The Australian Property Cycle

Varies by city and within parts of a city.
  • A 2019 Moodys Report expects Western Sydney Industrial property prices to rise, due to online shopping and new infrastructure.
  • A Centuria Industrial REIT (ASX:CIP) presentation shows available space declined up to Oct 2018.
To know about the cycles, you really have to be an expert on the land supply in different parts of the cities.  And predicting future demand is just guesswork.

Tenant Quality

Generally good.

FLIT lists all their tenants (how many REITs do this?).  I categorised each tenant, trying to guess their ability to pay rent in a recession:
  • Reliable: Is either part of an oligopoly (eg: Coles, Woolworths), government (eg: Australian Post), or listed (showing profits for the last 2 years and reasonable debt).  In essence, no way that they would not pay rent.
  • Unknown: Private companies (eg: BAM Wine LogisticsCapriceBroetje Automation).  Even though some of them sound interesting, there's no way of knowing how profitable they are.  Most companies in the world are going to be here.
  • Dodgy: Currently loss making.  So when times go bad, we can expect the company to go under.
Each category, by gross revenue (Sept 2018):


Overall, this is a pretty high level of 'reliable' companies.  If you pick a random street or industrial park to walk through, you are not going to see such a high proportion of 'reliable' companies.

The two dodgy companies are CEVA Logistics: a merger of two loss making companies which is still loss making, and Constellium: an aluminium product manufacturer with borderline profits/losses and large debt.

CEVA is a worry: they are one of FLIT's top 10 clients.  They are renting a massive warehouse in the middle of nowhere - this may be difficult to lease out again, and buildings like this are valued by their lease (...no lease, no value).


But overall, tenant quality seems quite high.

Management Quality

Sponsor Holdings: Frasers Property, holds 20% of the trust.  I haven't looked at enough REITs to see how this compares.

Management Fees (p146): 0.4% of property value as base fee, plus 5% of distributable income.
Seems reasonable.  Would be better if the fee was based on DPU.

Most management fees are paid in units: at least 85% in 2018 (note 5) and 91% in 1H19 (p10).

Trust expenses were very high in 2017, but lower in 2018 (p158).  They were 8.6% and 1% of distributable income, respectively.  I found no explanation on what these expenses were.



Pipeline: ROFR for 17 Australian properties and 29 European properties.

Past Acquisitions have been OK:

The numbers

Gearing Ratio is now at 35.1%.   No perpetual bonds.

Debt Expiry: They have a large chunk of debt due in 2021:

They did mention their intention to refinance the (grey) European debt (currently at 2% interest) with a lower rate later.  But I think they should space out their debt a bit more.

79% of their loans are fixed rate (p5), or protected by swaps for the lifetime of the loan.

Unencumbered buildings: (In Sept 2018 AR, footnote 10) The secured bank loans are secured over investment properties with a total carrying amount of A$969,554,000 (2017: A$Nil).  So out of AUD 3bn worth of property, 2bn is unencumbered.

They have always had 100% dividend payout ratio.

Valuation

Other Risks:
  • Kyith Ng highlighted that many of their Australian rents were above market rate during hte IPO (June 2016).  I am factoring in a AUD 3-4m income to be lost because of this.
  • AUD has dropped a lot recently, I am factoring in a rate of 1 SGD to 0.9 AUD.  Same as the global financial crisis.  Assume no change in EUR/SGD exchange rate.
For a target 6% yield, I would value the stock at SGD 1.10.